Everyone is concerned about the Ebola virus these days and rightly so. According to the World Health Organization, the virus infecting and killing people in West Africa is the worst recorded outbreak. Some things that can be done to help control the Ebola crisis would be to deploy more health care workers and open new treatment centers in those countries that are affected the most.
The Ebola virus disease, which was also known as the Ebola haemorrhagic fever can be very fatal in when contracted my people. The virus is normally transferred to people from animals of the wild and spreads in the human population through person-to-person transmission or contact. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks. The first Ebola virus outbreaks that we know of occurred in isolated villages in Central Africa, near warm and humid rainforests, but the most recent outbreak in west Africa has involved major urban as well as rural areas.
Symptoms Of Ebola
Beginning symptoms may include muscle discomfort, fever, severe weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, and sore throat. These symptoms may be followed by some internal bleeding. The Ebola virus often affects the body organs such as the liver and kidneys.
Deadliness of Ebola
Previously, about 90% of people who contracted the virus have died. Ebola has been described as one of the earth’s most destructive diseases. Recently, the survival rate has been much better, about 50% are surviving now with treatment.
It is still not known what the common host for Ebola is. The fruit bat is believed to be the main culprit. If an animal is believed to have the virus, it would be best to quarantine the animal, pick out the infected animals, bury or incinerate the carcasses for safety.
Today, most cases of Ebola are the result of human to human transmission. Contraction occurs when there is direct contact with broken skin, bodily fluids, and secretions of a contaminated person.
Common sense will go a long way when preventing the spread of Ebola. Always avoid direct contact with blood, saliva, urine, and any other body fluid with someone who has the virus. If someone has died from the Ebola virus, avoid contact with the body and any medical equipment like needles.
If you work in the health care field, always practice rigorous infection control measures and properly use and disinfect instruments and medical devices used to care for patients with Ebola.
If you will be traveling, you want to closely monitor your heath during and after your trip. Be sure to see a doctor if you experience a fever or other symptoms during or after your travel especially if you’ve travelled to an area where the Ebola virus was present.
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